Aptitude and ability tests like those Beth Kelly-Peelle employs in her guidance counseling services are used to determine the skill levels of those undertaking the tests and may be reviewed by career counselors or prospective employers. Because the test questions are the same for each person, general conclusions can be made from the results.
Aptitude tests cover a variety of areas, including the following:
1. Verbal cognition. Part of an aptitude test usually explores the subject’s understanding of skills such as grammar and spelling. These questions help determine the test taker’s communication skills.
2. Numeric cognition. Simple math and numeric sequences and interpretation of graphs may be included in an aptitude test. These questions indicate the subject’s general ability to handle numbers.
3. Abstract comprehension. The ability to understand and reason through logic can be displayed through these questions, which often include pattern solving. Research has shown that quick reasoning skills can indicate flexible intelligence.
4. Spatial reasoning. Though these questions do not appear in general aptitude tests, problems such as identifying what a given shape would look like if it were rotated 90 degrees can be included for positions requiring the new employee be able to accurately visualize.